Excerpts from the Official Records of the Civil War and Dyer's Compendium
BRADY'S INDEPENDENT COMPANY SHARPSHOOTERS.
Organized at Detroit, Mich., February 3, 1862. Attached to 16th Michigan Infantry.
MAY 27-29, 1862.-- Operations about Hanover Court-House, Va., including engagements at Slash Church and Kinney's Farm, May 27, 1862.
Michigan Sharpshooters, Brady's company. No loss reported.
PENINSULAR CAMPAIGN--SEVEN DAYS' BATTLES
No. 2.-- Organization of Troops and Return of Casualties in the Army of the Potomac during the operations before Richmond, Va., June 25-July 2, 1862.
Organization of Troops and Return of Casualties in the Army of the Potomac during the operations before Richmond, Va., June 25--July 2, 1862, inclusive--Continued.
Brady's company Michigan Sharpshooters. Killed
Return of Casualties in the Union forces engaged at the battle of Mechanicsville, Va., June 26, 1862.(*)
[Compiled from nominal lists of casualties, returns, &c.]
Brady's company Michigan Sharpshooters No loss reported.
Return of Casualties in the Union forces at the battle of Gaines' Mill, Va., June 27, 1862.(*)
Brady's company, Michigan Sharpshooters. Killed
DECEMBER 11-15, 1862.--Battle of Fredericksburg, Va.
No. 4.--Return of casualties in the Union forces commanded by Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside, U.S. Army, at the battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 11-15, 1862.
Michigan Sharpshooters, Brady's company . Killed
APRIL 27-MAY 6, 1863.--The Chancellorsville Campaign.
No. 4.--Returns of Casualties in the Union forces during the Chancellorsville Campaign.
Michigan Sharpshooters, Brady's company Killed
Dyer's Compendium, Pt. 1 (Campaigns etc.)
Eastern Departments and Armies
16th Mich. Infy
(Brady's S.S. Att.)
May, 1862 From 3-Brig. 1-Div. 3-Corps Pot No change to Muster Out June, 1865
PENINSULAR CAMPAIGN--SEVEN DAYS' BATTLES
No. 130. -- Reports of Lieut. Col. John V. Ruehle, Sixteenth Michigan Infantry, of the battle of Gaines' Mill, engagement at Turkey Bridge, and battle of Malvern Hill.
HEADQUARTERS SIXTEENTH MICHIGAN INFANTRY,
Harrison's Landing, James River, Va., July 6, 1862.
CAPTAIN: In recounting the history of the regiment on the 30th of June and 1st of July I shall go back no farther than the afternoon of the first-mentioned day. We were in camp, selected that morning, just beyond what is known as the Malvern estate, when orders came to move back over the road we came to that place. This we did about 4 o'clock in the afternoon, taking our position in rear of a battery, with orders to support it. We were in column doubled on the center just below the summit of the hill when General Butterfield led us to the crest, and the battalion was deployed under a severe fire from the enemy's rifled pieces, the arms stacked, and the men ordered to lie down. We remained in this position a quarter of an hour or more, when, the enemy's firing growing less, we were again placed in double column at half distance, about-faced, and marched to the rear farther down the hill. Directly afterward we changed direction by the right flank and marched farther out on the road in rear of the Eighty-third Pennsylvania Volunteers as their support. In this position we remained all night and until a portion of the forenoon of the next day had gone by.
The enemy's artillery opening upon our right, the regiment was ordered toward a belt of woods that skirted the field upon the east, upon which we lay and through which a small stream ran. On the other side of which woods, about 200 yards distant, was a good road, running nearly parallel with the stream. We were deployed on the left of the Forty-fourth New York Volunteers, and threw a platoon of our rifle company, Brady's Sharpshooters, Captain Dygert, out as skirmishers through the woods to cover our front. In this position we remained until about 2 o'clock p.m., when we again moved to the left up to the road in double column, with orders to support the Eighty-third Pennsylvania Volunteers, who were 150 yards in advance. The country here was quite undulating, which would seem to protect our men from the enemy's artillery fire, but the cross-fire from their guns was exceedingly severe, and some of our men were killed and wounded by solid shot and shell.
Toward 6 o'clock p.m. we were ordered to advance to the brow of a hill 500 yards in advance, to the support of a battery just on the left of the road. This was done under a bitter fire of shell and spherical case-shot, wounding several men. As we advanced up the slope of the hill in line of battle the left of the battalion passed over two companies of the Twenty-second Massachusetts Volunteers, who were lying down 200 yards in rear of the caissons. We advanced until the line was halted between the guns and caissons, breaking file to the rear for ammunition to pass through, where we remained until the battery was out of ammunition, perhaps three-quarters of an hour, when they limbered up and withdrew, and we opened fire. Some of the men helped to carry ammunition, and two of our men took the places of wounded artillerymen on the second section of the battery, and did good service until they were no longer needed. The battery we supported was Wolcott's Maryland battery. Our men and officers received high praise from the officers of the battery for the manner in which they were sustained under a galling fire of musketry. Another battery, under Colonel Hunt, I believe, coming to take the place of the one withdrawn, we ceased firing, after having fired about 40 rounds, and moved by the right flank to the rear.
Meanwhile the Twenty-second Massachusetts Volunteers had moved to the front on the left of the line parallel with the one we had just fallen back from and opened fire. The battery that had just taken its place was supported by the First Michigan Volunteers. The enemy's firing had by this time nearly ceased or was only fitfully continued, and directly stopped altogether. Our musketry and artillery played for half an hour later. It was now 9 o'clock p.m. and after. We received orders from General Porter to remain on the field and support a battery that was stationed on the right of the road, and cover our front with a line of pickets connecting with those on our right, General Sickles' brigade, and those on our left, the First Michigan. Company A, Captain Barry, was detailed for this service.
At about I o'clock a.m., by the order of General Couch, our picket line was withdrawn, and the regiment moved back and joined the brigade, which was found on the field of June 30 on its line of march to the rear. Our loss in killed was 2; in wounded, 37; missing, 3. During the whole of both days General Butterfield was ever among us, cheering the men and inciting them to deeds of bravery by his coolness and valorous daring. We all love him, and only hope that we may be able to follow him. Captains Brockway, Elliott, and Martin; Lieutenants Prentiss, Fuller, Brown, and Hill; Sergeant-Major Kydd and Sergeant Chittuck, of Company B; Cook, of Company A, and Jewett, of K, all displayed true courage and the right spirit in the right place. They are particularly worthy of notice.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
J. V. RUEHLE,
Lieutenant Colonel, Commanding Regiment.
Capt. THOMAS J. HOYT,
Dyer's Compendium, Pt. 2 (Campaigns etc.)
Battles, Campaigns, Etc., in Maryland
April 5-May 4 Siege of Yorktown
May 27 Engagement, Hanover Court House, Slash Church or Kinney's Farm
May 27-29 Operations about Hanover Court House
June 25-July 1 Battles of the Seven Days' Retreat from before Richmond
June 26 Battle of Mechanicsville, Beaver Dam Creek, or Ellison's Mills
June 27 Battle of Gaines Mill, Cold Harbor, Chickahominy
July 1 Battle of Malvern Hill, Crew's Farm, or Poindexter's Farm
Aug. 30 Battle of Bull Run, Manassas, Groveton Heights
Sept. 16-17 Battle of Antietam, Sharpsburg
Dec. 12-15 Battle of Fredericksburg
April 27-May 6 Campaign of Chancellorsville
May 1-5 Battle of Chancellorsville
July 1-3 Battle of Gettysburg
Nov. 7 Engagement, Rappahannock Station
Nov. 26-Dec. 2. Campaign, Mine Run. Actions at Locust Grove, Payne's Farm, Orange C. H. or Orange Grove. Robertson's Tavern and New Hope Church
May 4-June 12. Campaign from the Rapidan River to the James River
May 5-7 Battle of the Wilderness
May 8 Combat, Laurel Hill
May 8-21 Battles of Spottsylvania C. H., Laurel Hill, Ny River, Fredericksburg Road
May 12 Assault on the Salient at Spottsylvania C. H.
May 22-26 Operations on line of the North Anna River, and engagements
May 25 Engagement, Jericho Bridge or Ford or Mills
May 26-28 Operations on line of the Pamunkey River
May 28-31 Operations and engagements on line of the Totopotomoy River
June 1-12. Battles about Cold Harbor
June 16, 1864 to Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond
April 2, 1865
Aug. 18-21 Battle of Weldon R. R., Globe Tavern or Yellow House and Blick's Station or Six Mile House
Sept. 29-Oct. 2 Battle of Poplar Springs Church, Peeble's Farm, Pegram's Farm, Chappell House and Laurel Hill
Oct. 27-28 Engagement, Boydton Plank Road or Hatcher's Run
Back to the Brady's Michigan Sharpshooters Home Page